Independence Day Wiki

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The film's plot deliberately and closely follows the plots of classic alien invasion fiction, most notably ''The War of the Worlds'' by H. G. Wells and its 1953 film adaptation. Whereas the premise of the film bears little resemblance, there are many elements from ''War of the Worlds'', including the aliens' resistance against nuclear weapons (on a related note, the same scene shows, in the wreckage, a lamp post twisted into the shape of the Heat Ray from the 1953 film), and the aliens defeat via a virus (however, Wells' aliens were killed by a biological virus). Independence Day has also been an influence on later fiction.
 
The film's plot deliberately and closely follows the plots of classic alien invasion fiction, most notably ''The War of the Worlds'' by H. G. Wells and its 1953 film adaptation. Whereas the premise of the film bears little resemblance, there are many elements from ''War of the Worlds'', including the aliens' resistance against nuclear weapons (on a related note, the same scene shows, in the wreckage, a lamp post twisted into the shape of the Heat Ray from the 1953 film), and the aliens defeat via a virus (however, Wells' aliens were killed by a biological virus). Independence Day has also been an influence on later fiction.
   
== Release==
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== Distribution ==
While the film was still in post-production, 20th Century Fox began a massive marketing campaign to help promote the film, beginning with the airing of a dramatic commercial during Super Bowl XXX, for which Fox paid $1.3 million.<ref>[http://www.uwec.edu/newsreleases/highlights/011205superbowl.htm "UW-Eau Claire Marketing Researchers Study Super Bowl Ad Successes."] ''University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire''. Retrieved on October 1, 2007.</ref> The subsequent success of the film at the box office resulted in the trend of using Super Bowl air time to kick off the advertising campaign for potential blockbusters.<ref name="mojoad">[http://www.boxofficemojo.com/news/?id=1703&p=.htm Analysis: Super Bowl Movie Ads Lack Luster] ''boxofficemojo.com''. Retrieved on July 8, 2008.</ref>
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While the film was still in post-production, 20th Century Fox began a massive marketing campaign to help promote the film, beginning with the airing of a dramatic commercial during Super Bowl XXX, for which Fox paid $1.3 million.<ref>[http://www.uwec.edu/newsreleases/highlights/011205superbowl.htm "UW-Eau Claire Marketing Researchers Study Super Bowl Ad Successes."] ''University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire''. Retrieved on October 1, 2007.</ref> The subsequent success of the film at the box office resulted in the trend of using Super Bowl air time to kick off the advertising campaign for potential blockbusters.<ref name="mojoad">[http://www.boxofficemojo.com/news/?id=1703&p=.htm Analysis: Super Bowl Movie Ads Lack Luster] ''boxofficemojo.com''. Retrieved on July 8, 2008.</ref><ref name="JS">{{cite news | author = Rick Romell | title = Ads the real stars of Super Bowl | publisher = [[Milwaukee Journal Sentinel]] | date = 2007-01-27 | url = http://www.jsonline.com/story/index.aspx?id=557839 | accessdate = 2008-07-08}}</ref>
   
Fox's Licensing and Merchandising division also entered into co-promotional deals with Apple Inc. The co-marketing project was dubbed "The Power to Save the World" campaign, in which the company used footage of David using his PowerBook laptop in their print and television advertisements.<ref name="Mac">[http://www.informedusa.com/t/independanceday.html Apple Ties in With 20th Century Fox "Independence Day] ''The online Macinstuff Times''. Retrieved on July 8, 2008.</ref> Trendmasters entered a merchandising deal with the film's producers to create a line of tie-in toys.<ref name="EW5">[https://ew.com/article/1996/07/12/independence-day-inspires-new-toys/ ''Independence Day'' inspires new toys] Kenneth M. Chanko (July 12, 1996). "Independence Play". Entertainment Weekly.</ref> In exchange for product placement, Fox also entered into co-promotional deals with Molson Coors Brewing Company and Coca-Cola.<ref>[http://www.movie-moron.com/?p=544 Top Ten: Most Shameless Uses Of Product Placement In Film] ''movie-moron.com''. Retrieved on July 8, 2008.</ref>
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Fox's Licensing and Merchandising division also entered into co-promotional deals with Apple Inc. The co-marketing project was dubbed "The Power to Save the World" campaign, in which the company used footage of David using his PowerBook laptop in their print and television advertisements.<ref name="Mac">[http://www.informedusa.com/t/independanceday.html Apple Ties in With 20th Century Fox "Independence Day] ''The online Macinstuff Times''. Retrieved on July 8, 2008.</ref> Trendmasters entered a merchandising deal with the film's producers to create a line of tie-in toys.<ref name="EW5">{{cite news | author = Kenneth M. Chanko | title = Independence Play | publisher = Entertainment Weekly | date = 1996-07-12 | url = http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,293331,00.html | accessdate = 2008-07-08}}</ref> In exchange for product placement, Fox also entered into co-promotional deals with Molson Coors Brewing Company and Coca-Cola.<ref>[http://www.movie-moron.com/?p=544 Top Ten: Most Shameless Uses Of Product Placement In Film] ''movie-moron.com''. Retrieved on July 8, 2008.</ref>
   
 
The movie was marketed with several taglines, including: "We've always believed we weren't alone. On July 4, we'll wish we were", "Earth. Take a good look. It could be your last", and "Don't make plans for August". The weekend before the film's release, the Fox Network aired a half-hour special on the movie, the first third of which was a spoof news report on the events that happen in the film. Roger Ebert attributed most of the film's early success to its teaser trailers and marketing campaigns, acknowledging them as "truly brilliant".<ref name="ear">[http://bventertainment.go.com/tv/buenavista/ebertandroeper/index2.html?sec=6&subsec=independence+day ''Ebert & Roeper''.] ''atthemovies.tv''. Retrieved on July 8, 2008.</ref>
 
The movie was marketed with several taglines, including: "We've always believed we weren't alone. On July 4, we'll wish we were", "Earth. Take a good look. It could be your last", and "Don't make plans for August". The weekend before the film's release, the Fox Network aired a half-hour special on the movie, the first third of which was a spoof news report on the events that happen in the film. Roger Ebert attributed most of the film's early success to its teaser trailers and marketing campaigns, acknowledging them as "truly brilliant".<ref name="ear">[http://bventertainment.go.com/tv/buenavista/ebertandroeper/index2.html?sec=6&subsec=independence+day ''Ebert & Roeper''.] ''atthemovies.tv''. Retrieved on July 8, 2008.</ref>
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After a six-week, $30 million marketing campaign, ''Independence Day'' was released on VHS on November 22, 1996.<ref>[http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb4360/is_199609/ai_n15228087 Independence Day blitz.] ''HighBeam Research''. Retrieved on July 8, 2008.</ref> It became available on DVD on June 27, 2000, and has been re-released on DVD under several different versions with varying supplemental material ever since, including one instance where it was packaged with a lenticular cover.<ref>[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0116629/dvd#B000O76T86 "DVD details for Independence Day."] ''IMDb''. Retrieved on March 4, 2008.</ref> Often accessible on these versions is a special edition of the film, which features eight minutes of additional footage not seen in the original theatrical release.<ref>[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0116629/alternateversions "Alternate Versions of Independence Day"]</ref> ''Independence Day'' became available on Blu-ray discs in the United Kingdom on December 24, 2007,<ref>[http://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B000WBZZB6 "Independence Day Blu-ray"] Amazon UK Retrieved on July 6, 2008.</ref> and in North America on March 11, 2008.<ref>[http://www.blu-ray.com/movies/movies.php?id=199 "Independence Day (Blu-ray)."] ''Blu-ray''. Retrieved on July 5, 2008.</ref>
 
After a six-week, $30 million marketing campaign, ''Independence Day'' was released on VHS on November 22, 1996.<ref>[http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb4360/is_199609/ai_n15228087 Independence Day blitz.] ''HighBeam Research''. Retrieved on July 8, 2008.</ref> It became available on DVD on June 27, 2000, and has been re-released on DVD under several different versions with varying supplemental material ever since, including one instance where it was packaged with a lenticular cover.<ref>[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0116629/dvd#B000O76T86 "DVD details for Independence Day."] ''IMDb''. Retrieved on March 4, 2008.</ref> Often accessible on these versions is a special edition of the film, which features eight minutes of additional footage not seen in the original theatrical release.<ref>[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0116629/alternateversions "Alternate Versions of Independence Day"]</ref> ''Independence Day'' became available on Blu-ray discs in the United Kingdom on December 24, 2007,<ref>[http://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/B000WBZZB6 "Independence Day Blu-ray"] Amazon UK Retrieved on July 6, 2008.</ref> and in North America on March 11, 2008.<ref>[http://www.blu-ray.com/movies/movies.php?id=199 "Independence Day (Blu-ray)."] ''Blu-ray''. Retrieved on July 5, 2008.</ref>
 
===Censorship===
 
In Lebanon, certain Jewish- and Israel-related content in the film was censored. One cut scene involved Judd Hirsch's character donning a kippah, and leading soldiers and White House officials in a Jewish prayer. Other removed footage showed Israeli and Arab troops working together in preparation for countering the alien invasion. The Lebanese Shi'a Islamist militant group Hezbollah called for Muslims to boycott the film, describing it as "propaganda for the so-called genius of the Jews and their concern for humanity." In response, Jewish actor Jeff Goldblum said: "I think Hezbollah has missed the point. The film is not about American Jews saving the world; it's about teamwork among people of different religions and nationalities to defeat a common enemy."<ref>[https://www.nytimes.com/1997/01/26/movies/making-money-abroad-and-also-a-few-enemies.html Making Money Abroad, And Also a Few Enemies] ''The New York Times''. January 26, 1997.</ref><ref>''"A Jewish Hero Isn't Kosher; Lebanon Censors 'Independence Day'"''. The Washington Post. November 12, 1996.</ref>
 
   
 
== Reception ==
 
== Reception ==
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