Saudi Arabia is an Arab state in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula. Saudi Arabia has since been an absolute monarchy, effectively a hereditary dictatorship governed along Islamic lines. The country was founded in 1932 following a series of conquests beginning in 1902 under the House of Saud.
During the War of 1996, the Saudi capital city of Riyadh was destroyed during the third wave of the aliens' attacks. The Holy City of Mecca was targeted in the fourth attack wave. Although aware of the aliens' force-field technology, the Saudi government decreed that their military must defend Mecca at all cost.